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Israel-Gaza Conflict Escalates

dateline: 20 November 2012

Pre-Listening Vocabulary

  • escalate: to increase greatly in a short amount of time
  • Hamas: a Palestinian military group focused on resistance to Israel
  • aerial: in or from the air
  • sift: to separate parts in order to find something good or needed
  • bunker: a protective area, usually used for weapons or people
  • rampant: unrestrained; spreading quickly
  • broker: to help two sides come up with a plan or deal
  • cease-fire: a promise not to use weapons

Israel-Gaza Conflict Escalates

Conflict escalated between Israel and Hamas this week as Israel launched a of aerial strikes in Gaza. Israel’s airstrikes, the most serious since 2009, killed a family of 10, and left people in sifting through rubble for survivors and possessions. Homes of Hamas officials, government buildings and storage bunkers were targeted. Israel’s prime minister justified the attacks, saying that rampant attacks from Gaza have been killing and terrorizing civilians. UN’s Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon is working with Egyptian officials to try to broker a cease-fire between the and the Israelis. Diplomats around the world fear that a ground invasion could follow if a cease-fire is not reached soon.

Comprehension Questions

  1. Which Middle Eastern conflict is this report mainly about?
  2. How did the prime minister of Israel justify the aerial attacks on Gaza?
  3. Why does the report mention Egypt?

Discussion Question: The Israel Defence Forces (IDF) tweeted live updates of the attack on Gaza this week. In response, many people tweeted graphic photos of casualties. Should Twitter censor these types of updates?

show Answers

Written by Tara Benwell for EnglishClub
Tara Benwell is a Canadian freelance writer and editor who specializes in materials and articles for the ELT industry.

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